History of Ayurveda
The Indian subcontinent has been a subject of fascination and has been more or less surrounded by the inscrutable aura since centuries. In the prehistoric times, when the human race in the most of the parts of the world was struggling to reach the first landmark of civilization, the Indians were enjoying the fruits of amazingly well developed systems such as architecture, music, astrology, agriculture, etc. along with a highly advanced system of medicine which contained a in depth description of corporeal, psychological as well as spiritual healing by using various medicinal therapies.
Diseases are entities, which have developed simultaneously along with the evolution of mankind. The first mention of diseases and their various cures is found in the most ancient literature of the world which originated in the Indian subcontinent, i.e., the four Vedas: Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. From the study of the ancient Indian literature, it is clear that right from the Vedic era, the Indians had a thorough knowledge of different systems of the human body and inter relationship of mind and body.
The physicians of the Vedic era possessed a thorough knowledge of bacteriology, virology, the methods of sterilization, the laws of personal hygiene, various surgical procedures along with the art of cosmetic surgery and cure of different medical problems like tuberculosis, jaundice, fevers etc. But, in spite of the in depth knowledge of various physical and mental diseases. The need to cure various illnesses by directly uprooting the causative factor in order to maintain health was established, ultimately resulting in the emergence of a systematized medical science, the science of life- Ayurveda.
Ashtang Ayurved (Eight branches of Ayurved)